PART I: THE REST OF AFRICA
Answer two questions from this part
1. a) Draw a sketch map of Africa and on it, mark and name the following climatic region :
(iii) tropical savannah,
b) Describe the characteristics of the Mediterranean type of;
c)(i) For any one country located within the equatorial region of Africa, state the economic activities carried out.
(ii)Explain the influence of climate on any economic activity stated in c(i) above.
2. a) What is meant by term "plantation agriculture"?
b) Name any two countries outside East Africa where plantation agriculture is practiced.
c) For any one country named in (b) above.
(i) state the crops grown under plantation agriculture,
(ii) describe the conditions favoring plantation agriculture.
d) Explain the:
(ii) Disadvantages of plantation agriculture in any one country named in (b) above.
3. Study fig.1. map showing part of Ghana and answer the questions that follow:
a) Name the:
(i) Minerals obtained from places A and B,
(ii) Town marked C and Port marked D,
(iii) Dam marked E,
(iv) Lake marked F.
b) (i) What is meant by the term "multi-purpose scheme"?
(ii)Explain the physical and human factors that led to the establishment of a multi purpose scheme in the area shown on the map.
c) Outline the:
(i) Benefits of the scheme,
(ii) Problems resulting from the establishment of the scheme.
4. Study fig.2, Outline map of Africa, and answer the questions that follow.
(i) Countries A and B,
(ii) Oceans 1 and 2,
(iii) Ocean currents W, X, Y and Z.
b) Countries A and B have important fishing grounds. For any one of these countries:
(i) Explain the conditions favoring fishing activities
(ii) Describe the methods used for catching fish.
c) (i) What problems face the fishing industry in the country chosen in (b) above?
(ii) Suggest ways in which the fishing industry in the chosen country could be improved.
5. Study table I below and answer the question that follow.
Table I: Liberia: VALUE OF MAJOR EXPORTS (US $ million) 1976-80
|Export||1976||1977||1978||1979||1980||total export value|
Adapted from Minns, Africa p79.
a) Draw a bar graph to show the total export value for the period 1976-80.
b) Giving evidence from the table.
(i) Explain how Liberia has diversified her exports.
(ii) State the advantages of diversifying exports.
c) (i) Mention two areas in Liberia where iron ore is mined.
(ii)Describe how iron ore is mined.
d) (i) Explain how the mining of iron ore has benefited Liberia.
(ii)Name two other countries in Africa where iron ore is mined.
6. a) Draw a sketch map of southern Africa and on it, mark and name:
(i) the Witwatersrand (Rand),
(ii) towns: Johannesburg, Witbank and Vereeniging,
(iii) Ports; Durban, east London and Maputo.
b) Explain the factors favoring the development of industries on the Witwatersrand.
c) What problems face industrial development in the Witwatersrand?
d) Name three industrial centres in southern Africa outside the Witwatersrand.
STUDIES IN DEVELOPMENT
Answer two questions from this part.
REGION I: NORTH AMERICA
7. Study figure 3. Sketch map of U.S.A showing the cotton belt and answer the questions that follow.
a) name the:
(i) old cotton growing states marked 1 and 2,
(ii) new cotton growing states marked A and B,
b) Explain the factors which led to the decline of cotton growing in the old cotton belt.
c) Describe the factors which favored the shift of the cotton growing belt to the new areas.
d) Outline the changes which took place in the cotton belt after the decline of cotton growing.
8. Table II below shows the different types of transport used in Manhattan, New York city. Study it, and answer the questions that follow.
Table II: MEANS OF TRANSPORT USED IN MANHATTAN, NEW YORK
|Means of transport||Percentage||Degrees|
|sub-way (underground trains)
Adapted: white, R.G and H. Bourman; North America
a) (i) Complete the table above.
(ii)State the least means of transport used in Manhattan.
b) Draw a pie chart to show the relative importance of the difference types of transport.
c) Outline the factors that have led to the:
(i) Location of New York city,
(ii) Development of New York into a large city.
d) State the problems facing the inhabitants of New York City.
9. a) Draw a sketch map of British Columbia and on it, mark and name:
(i) Vancouver island
(ii) Ports: prince Rupert and Vancouver,
(iii) The warm and cold currents
(iv) The major fishing grounds
b) Describe the conditions favoring the fishing industry in the areas shown in (a)(iv) above.
(i) Two types of fish caught in the area.
(ii) Two uses of fish apart from being a source of protein
d)(i) explain the problems facing the fishing industry in British Columbia.
(ii) Outline the steps being taken to solve the problems in (d)(i) above.
REGION II: THE RHINE LANDS
10. Read the passage and answer the questions that follow.
"Switzerland, as in other highland areas of North west Europe, the landscape has been created by ice. Glaciers formed in mountains and flowed down hill, enlarging and widening valleys, and leaving jagged, spectacular scenery. When the ice melted, lakes were left on the valley floors."
Source: Waugh. D. the world p118
a) (i) State three glacial features mentioned in the passage.
(ii)Describe the formation of any one of the features stated in (a)(i) above.
(i) The region in Switzerland with glaciated land scape.
(ii) Any three economic activities taking place in the region named in (b)(i) above.
c) (i) outline the problems facing the economic activities named in (b)(ii) above
(ii) Explain the steps taken to solve the problems outlined in (c)(ii) above
11. Study table III below showing steel production in former West Germany between 1977 and 1983 and answer the questions that follow:
Table III: steel production in former West Germany ('000 tones) 1977-1983.
Source: adapted from Waugh D. Europe p68.
a) Draw a bar graph to show the information given in the table.
b) State the year when steel production was
c) Using the table and graph drawn, describe the pattern of steel production.
d) Using your knowledge of the iron and steel industry former West Germany, explain the factors responsible for the pattern of steel production between 1977 and 1983.
(i) One industrial center for iron and steel production in Germany.
(ii) Two uses of steel and iron in Germany.
12. Study figure 4. Sketch map of a polder and answer the questions that follow.
a) (i) Describe the relief of the land covered by the polder.
(ii)Explain why it was necessary to create polders in this area.
b) Describe how a polder is made.
c) Describe the various types of land use on the polder.
d) (i) Outline the problems facing the people using the polders.
(ii) State the ways in which the problems in d(i) above are being solved.
REGION III: CHINA
13. a) Draw a sketch map of china and on, mark and name one area with:
(i) high population density,
(ii) Low population density.
b) Explain the factors which have led to;
(i) high population density
(ii)low population density in the areas marked on the sketch map.
c) Describe the problems faced by the people living in the high population density area shown on the sketch map.
d) Outline the steps being taken to solve the problems of high population density.
14. "The Yangtze is one of the world's great rivers. After leaving its mountain course, it flows through the large fertile basin of Szechwan, then through a series of narrow gorges, then across a low land plain into the East China Sea. It has a long history of flooding and disaster".
Adapted from Beddis, R. the changing world (work book 3) p36.
(i) The mountain which forms the watershed of the Yangtze river
(ii) Two tributaries of the Yangtze river,
(iii) A port on the mouth of the Yangtze river
b) (i) In which months of the year does the Yangtze River flood?
(ii) Explain why the Yangtze River floods.
c) Outline the:
(i) Problems resulting from flooding of the Yangtze river,
(ii) Steps being taken by china to control flooding in the Yangtze valley.
d) State the importance of the Yangtze River in the development of china.
15. Study figures 5. Map of china showing the major industrial regions, and answer the questions that follow.
a) Name the:
(i) Industrial regions marked 1, 2, 3 and 4.
(ii) Industrial cities marked A, B, C and D.
(iii) Industries found in region marked 3.
b) State the factors that have:
(i) Encouraged industrial development in Eastern china
(ii) Discouraged industrial growth in western china.
c) Why is china encouraging the development the development of labour intensive industries?