1. The major factor influencing population distribution in East Africa is

A. Soil

B. Climate

C. Vegetation

D. Drainage

2. Which of the following features are found in the upper course of a river?

A. Waterfalls and interlocking spurs.

B. Pot holes and levees.

C. Levees and truncated spurs.

D. Waterfalls and slip-off slopes

3. Chemical weathering in East Africa mainly occurs in areas of

A. Very low temperatures.

B. High latitudes.

C. High temperatures

D. Very low rainfall totals

4. Which of the following crops in East Africa grow well in areas of low rainfall?

1. Cotton

2. Sisal

3. Tea

4. Pyrethrum

A. 1 and 3

B. 1 and 2

C. 2 and 3

D. 3 and 4

5. Savannah grasslands in East Africa are mainly used for

A. Nomadic pastoralism

B. Charcoal burning

C. Bee-keeping

D. Hunting

6. Which of the following fish preservation methods are mostly used in East Africa?

1. Smoking

2. Salting

3. Refrigeration

4. Canning

A. 1 and 4

B. 2 and 3

C. 3 and 4

D. 1 and 2

7. Fishing on lake Turkana has been greatly improved through

1. Formation of co-operative unions for fishermen.

2. Improvement of roads in the region.

3. Introduction of new fish species.

4. Use of modern fishing gear.

A. 1 and 4

B. 2 and 3

C. 1 and 2

D. 3 and 4

8. Which of the following lakes has the richest tilapia fishing ground in East Africa?

A. Tanganyika

B. Wamala

C. Kyoga

D. Naivasha

9. Lake Nakuru national park has been established mainly to conserve

A. Flamingoes

B. Crocodiles

C. White rhinos

D. Crested cranes

10. Which of the following explains why population density of Northern Kenya is lower than that around Lake Victoria?

A. Low rainfall and fertile soils

B. Hot climate and diseases

C. Low rainfall and thin vegetation

D. Hostile tribes and hot climate

11. A delta formed at the mouth of the river is a result of

A. Rejuvenation

B. Deposition

C. Lateral erosion

D. Stalinization

12. Which one of the following rocks is formed from animal remains?

A. Coal

B. Coral limestone

C. Sandstone

D. Boulder clay

13. Physical weathering in semi arid areas of East Africa is mainly due to

A. Strong winds

B. De-vegetation

C. Overgrazing

D. Temperature changes

14. Which of the following heavy industries are found in East Africa?

A. Ship building and textiles

B. Textiles and food processing

C. Food processing and car assembly

D. Ship building and car assembly

15. Soft wood plantations in Uganda are mainly used to provide

A. Poles

B. Pulp

C. Plywood

D. Tannin

16. Which of the following is Uganda's leading invisible export?

A. Cocaine

B. Skilled labour

C. Tourism

D. Hydro-electricity

17. The major problem resulting from rapid urbanization in Kenya is

A. Unemployment

B. Shortage of accommodation

C. Poor sanitation

D. Shortage of agricultural land

18. Which one of the following waterfalls is found on River Nile?

A. Sezibwa

B. Kalambo

C. Kinaruma

D. Bujagali

19. Isohyets are lines drawn on a map joining places of the same

A. Humidity

B. Pressure

C. Rainfall

D. Temperature

20. Which of the following industries is an example of a primary industry

A. Fishing

B. Food processing

C. Textiles

D. Tourism

21. The tourist industry in Uganda has improved mainly because of

A. Renovation of up-country hotels

B. Improved political climate

C. Increased advertisement

D. Rehabilitation of roads

22. Which one of the following mountains in east Africa was formed by faulting?

A. Kilimanjaro

B. Kenya

C. Usambara

D. Longonot

23. Large areas of central Tanzania are mainly used for growing annual crops due to

A. Fertile soils

B. A long dry season

C. Presence of pests and diseases

D. Absence of markets

24. Which of the following minerals are found in Tororo?

A. Limestone and beryl

B. Iron-ore and phosphate

C. Iron-ore and beryl

D. Phosphates and limestone

25. The karamojong region is sparsely populated mainly because of

A. Food shortage

B. Unreliable rainfall

C. High temperatures

D. Poor soils

26. Which one of the following types of lakes was formed due to glaciations?

A. Ox-bow lakes

B. Lagoons

C. Crater lakes

D. Tarns

27. The main reason for the dominance of subsistence farming in Uganda is

1. Limited market

2. Inadequate funds

3. Conservative attitude

4. Poor transport

A. 1 and 2

B. 3 and 4

C. 2 and 3

D. 1 and 4

28. Which of the following exotic tree species is most widely planted in Uganda?

A. Cypress

B. Wattle

C. Eucalyptus

D. Spruce

29. The greatest factor influencing population in Tanzania is

A. Presence of tsetse flies

B. Urbanization

C. Altitude

D. Rainfall reliability

30. Which of the following processes leads to the formation of lateritic soils?

A. Erosion

B. Sedimentation

C. Leaching

D. Deposition

31. The major source of energy used in Kenya's industries is

A. Geothermal

B. Hydro-electricity

C. Solar

D. Thermal

32. Which of the following is the most widespread agent of erosion in East Africa?

A. Wind action

B. Glaciations

C. Running water

D. Wave action

33. The glaciated Rwenzori mountain landscape is mostly important for

A. Tourism

B. Settlement

C. Agriculture

D. Hunting

34. Which of the following areas in East Africa is known for tea growing?

A. Takaba

B. Kericho

C. Liwale

D. Maracha

35. Which of the following is the major tourist attraction in East Africa?

A. Cultural sites

B. Mountain scenery

C. Flora and fauna

D. Climate




Answer three questions from part II, including questions 1 and 2 which are compulsory.



Answer all parts of this question. Candidates are advised to spend 40 minutes answering this question.

Study the Map extract 1:50,000(UGANDA) ABOKE, series Y732 part of sheet 32/1; edition 1-U.S.D and answer the questions that follow:

a) State the grid reference of the:

(i) Borehole south of Abongodero mission,

(ii) Road junction North-East of Alyat.

b) Name the feature found at the following grid references:

(i) 547513,

(ii) 50672

c) (i)Measure and state in kilometers the distance of the all weather loose surface road from the Icheme-Aboke sub-county boundary (grid reference 614644) to the road junction to the south-west of Ogwangacuma (grid reference 627565)

(ii) State the general direction of flow of river Okole.

d) Draw a sketch map of the area shown on the map and on it, mark and label:

(i) Any three drainage features,

(ii) All weather loose surface roads,

(iii) The forested areas,

(iv) A broad valley.

e) Describe the relationship between relief and:

(i) Drainage,

(ii) Communication routes in the area shown on the map.


Answer all parts of this question.

Candidates are advised to spend 40 minutes answering this question.

Study the photograph provided below and answer the questions which follow:


a) State the economic activity taking place in the photograph.

b) Giving evidence from photograph, explain the factors which have favored the economic activity identified in (a) above.

c) Identify the:

(i) Benefits of the activity in (a) above to the people living the area.

(ii) Problems faced by the people carrying out the activity in above.

d) Giving reasons for your answer, suggest an area in East Africa where this photograph could have been taken.



Answer only one question from this section.

3. a) Draw a sketch map of East Africa and on it, mark and name;

(i) the east African rift valley,

(ii) mountains: Rwenzori and Usambara,

(iii) Lakes: Naivasha and Rukwa.

b) Describe the processes which were responsible for the formation of the east African rift valley.

c) Explain the benefits of the rift valley to the people of East Africa.

d) Outline the problems faced by the people living in the rift valley area of east Africa.

4. Study the climate statistics of station Z found in East Africa and answer the questions that follow:

STATION Z: (Altitude 2150m)

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
Temp (0C) 24 24 25 24 23 22 21 21 22 24 24 24
R.F. (mm) 75 115 155 240 205 160 160 185 150 135 110 65

Source: Minns, W.J. (1993) A geography of Africa, new edition p.60.

a) Draw a suitable graph to show the climate of station Z.

b) Calculate the:

(i) Mean annual rainfall,

(ii) Annual range of temperature for the station.

c) Describe the:

(i) Characteristics of the climate experienced at the station.

(ii) Economic activities which can be carried out in the area where the station is found.

d) Giving reasons for answer, state the hemisphere in which the station is found.

5. For any one field work study you have conducted either as a group or an individual:

a) State the:

(i) Topic of the field work study,

(ii) Objectives of the field work study.

b) Draw a sketch map of the area studied and on it, mark and name

(i) Physical features,

(ii) The different land use types.

c) Describe the relationship between the physical features and land use types named in (b) above.

d) Outline the conclusion you made from the field work study.

6. a) Draw a sketch map of East Africa and on it, mark and label:

(i) the equator,

(ii) ports: Dar-s-salaam, Tanga and Mombasa,

(iii) any one area in each of the east African countries where either coffee or cotton is grown.

b) Describe the factors which have favored the growing of the chosen in (a)(ii) above

c) Explain the benefits of either coffee or cotton to the people East Africa.

d) Outline the problems faced by the farmers who grow the crop chosen in (c) above.

7. Study the map of East Africa provided and answer the questions that follow:


a) Name the:

(i) Towns marked A, B and C,

(ii) Ports marked D and E.

(iii) Water bodies Marked 1, 2 and 3.

b) State the:

(i) Advantages of using road transport,

(ii) Disadvantages of using railway transport.

c) Explain the factors which have influenced the distribution of transport routes shown on the map.

d) Outline the problems affecting the transport sector in East Africa.